an illustrious Italian poet, son of preceding, born at Sorrento, near Naples; educated at a Jesuit school in Naples, he displayed unusual precocity, and subsequently studied law at the university of Padua, but already devoted to poetry, at 18 published his first poem "Rinaldo," a romance in 12 cantos, the subject-matter of which is drawn from the Charlemagne legends; in 1566 he entered the service of Cardinal Luigi d'Este, by whom he was introduced to Alfonso, Duke of Ferrara, brother of the cardinal, within whose court he received the needful impulse to begin his great poem "La Gerusalemme Liberata"; for the court stage he wrote his pastoral play "Aminta," a work of high poetic accomplishment, which extended his popularity, and by 1575 his great epic was finished; in the following year the symptoms of mental disease revealed themselves, and after a confinement of a few days he fled from Ferrara, and for two years led the life of a wanderer, the victim of his own brooding, religious melancholy, passing on foot from city to city of Italy; yielding to a pent-up longing to revisit Ferrara he returned, but was coldly received by the duke, and after an outburst of frenzy placed in confinement for seven years; during these years the fame of his epic spread throughout Italy, and the interest created in its author eventually led to his liberation; in 1595 he was summoned by Pope Clement VIII., from a heartless and wandering life, to appear at Rome to be crowned upon the Capitol the poet-laureate of Italy, but, although he reached the city, his worn-out frame succumbed before the ceremony could take place; "One thing," says Settembrini, the literary historian of Italy, "Tasso had, which few in his time possessed, a great heart, and that made him a true and great poet, and a most unhappy man;" Fairfax's translation of the "Jerusalem Delivered" is one of his great translations in the English language (1544-1595).

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

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  • Tasso, Torquato — Tasso, Torquato. Wer kennt nicht das lebensvolle Portrait dieses unglücklichen Dichters, in dessen Auge die Flamme der Begeisterung, umdüstert von Träumen des Wahnsinns zuckt? Dunkel flicht sich in das verworrene Haar das finstere Blatt des… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Tasso, Torquato — • Italian poet (1544 1595) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • TASSO, Torquato — (1544 1595) Torquato Tasso was the most accomplished man of letters in Italy during the late Renaissance. He composed the purest example of Renaissance pastoral drama, Aminta (1573), and the most influential narrative poem of his era, Gerusalemme …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Tasso, Torquato — born March 11, 1544, Sorrento, Kingdom of Naples died April 25, 1595, Rome Italian poet. The son of a poet and courtier, Tasso became a courtier of Duke Alfonso II d Este at Ferrara. In a period of intense poetic activity he produced the pastoral …   Universalium

  • Tasso, Torquato — ► (1544 95) Poeta italiano. Publicó a los diez años el poema caballeresco Rinaldo y a los treinta y siete dejó listo su famoso poema Jerusalén libertada, que logró inmediatamente fama universal. Igual éxito obtuvo con Aminta, fábula bucólica.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tasso, Torquato — (1544 1595)    Italian poet. He was born at Sor rento in the kingdom of Naples, the son of a court poet who later fol lowed his patron, the prince of Salerno, into exile. The son accompa nied his father as he sought new patrons at various… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Tasso, Torquato — (1544 1595)    Italian poet, writer, and theorist, active in Ferrara. Tasso was born in Sorrento and educated in law and philosophy at the universities of Padua and Bologna. Soon thereafter, he entered in the service of Cardinal Luigi d Este and… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Tasso,Torquato — Tas·so (tăsʹō, täʹsō), Torquato. 1544 1595. Italian poet who wrote the epic Jerusalem Delivered (1581), an account of the capture of the city during the First Crusade. * * * …   Universalium

  • Tasso — Tasso, Torquato …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Torquato Tasso — (* 11. März 1544 in Sorrent, nahe Neapel; † 25. April 1595 in Rom) war ein italienischer Dichter des 16. Jahrhunderts, der Zeit der Gegenreformation. Am bekanntesten wurde er durch sein Werk La Gerusalemme liberata (eig. Das befreit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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